In August 2018 researchers from China and the USA published the results of their review of the scientific literature to assess whether a mindfulness exercise (yoga, tai chi or qigong) was more beneficial than physical exercise in individuals with schizophrenia. A total of seven studies were identified. Results showed that a mindfulness exercise was beneficial for some psychiatric symptoms with no clear difference being seen for “attention” and social functioning. In addition, it appeared that a mindfulness exercise improved “working memory”. However, it was noted that the evidence was of low quality.
Li J et al. Mindful exercise versus non-mindful exercise for schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018 Aug;32:17-24