In July 2018 researchers from Brazil published the results of their study to assess the association between calcium intake and cardiometabolic risk factors during childhood. 350 children, aged between 8-9 years, were included in the study and dietary information was collected via three 24-hour recall interviews. Results showed that 97.4% of children had an inadequate intake of calcium. Analysis revealed that those with a lower calcium intake had an increased waist circumference and higher levels of inflammatory markers. However, they also had lower levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol.