Vitamin D supplementation probably reduces the risk of pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, low birthweight and may reduce the risk of severe postpartum haemorrhage, whilst vitamin D and calcium probably reduces the risk of pre-eclampsia but may increase the risk of preterm birth (before 37 weeks)

In July 2019 researchers from the USA published their review of the medical scientific literature to assess whether vitamin D supplementation, either alone or in combination with calcium or other … Read more

Supplements have little to no effect on the risk of lung cancer and lung cancer mortality in healthy individuals, although vitamin A supplements appear to increase the risk of lung cancer and mortality in smokers or individuals exposed to asbestos, vitamin C the risk of lung cancer in women and vitamin E the risk of haemorrhagic strokes

In March 2020 researchers from Chile and Spain published their review of the medical scientific literature to establish whether supplementations of vitamins and minerals, alone or in combination, reduce the … Read more

Vegetarian and vegan diets increase the risk of nutritional deficiencies such as proteins, iron, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, omega-3 and vitamin B12 but can be considered safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding as long as all nutritional requirements are met

In March 2019 researchers from Spain published their review on the consumption of vegetarian and vegan diets during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The researchers stated that balanced plant-based diets rich in … Read more