In January 2019 researchers from the USA published the results of their study to assess the effect of different types of beverages on the risk of chronic kidney disease so that improved dietary guidelines can be produced. A total of 3,003 black adults (64% women, average age 54 years) were involved in the study. Information of beverage intake was collected via a food frequency questionnaire. During an average follow-up period of 8 years, 185 (6%) individuals were diagnosed with chronic kidney disease. Results showed that after adjusting for confounders, a higher consumption of soda and sweetened fruit drinks was associated with a significantly increased risk of chronic kidney disease.
Rebholz CM et al. Patterns of Beverages Consumed and Risk of Incident Kidney Disease. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2019 Jan 7;14(1):49-56