In older women, non-milk drinkers and those with a higher intake of dairy products appear to have an increased risk of osteoporotic fracture

In November 2019 researchers from Australia published the results of their study to assess the association between milk and total dairy consumption and osteoporotic fracture in women. A total of 833 women, aged over 50 years, were involved in the study and followed up until the date of their first fracture or for a maximum of 24 years, whichever came first. Information on dairy consumption (milk, cheese, yoghurt, ice cream) was self-reported at the start of the study and during the follow-up period. During follow-up 206 women experienced an osteoporotic fracture (hip, forearm, spine and humerus) which was confirmed via x-ray. Results showed that consuming 500+ mL/day of milk was not significantly associated with increased risk for an osteoporotic fracture. However, non-milk drinkers and those consuming 800+ g/day or more total dairy appeared to have a slightly higher risk for an osteoporotic fracture when compared to those consuming under 250 mL/day of milk and 200-399 g/day of dairy. In addition, a higher milk consumption appeared to be associated with a lower C-reactive protein although total dairy consumption appeared to have no effect on this inflammatory marker.

Aslam H et al. Association between dairy intake and fracture in an Australian-based cohort of women: a prospective study. BMJ Open. 2019 Nov 21;9(11):e031594

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