In January 2020 researchers from Sweden, Poland and the USA published the results of their study to assess the association between an anti-inflammatory diet and risk of heart failure taking into account smoking status. A total of 40,514 men and 34, 809 women, aged 45-83 years, with no history of heart failure, ischaemic heart disease, or cancer were included in the study, and the anti-inflammatory potential of each individual’s diet was assessed. Over an average follow-up of 15 years, 8,161 new diagnoses of heart failure (4,443 men, 3,718 women) were made. Results showed that a diet with a high anti-inflammatory potential appeared to reduce the risk of heart failure in current and ex-smokers but not in never smokers.
Kaluza J et al. Anti-inflammatory diet and risk of heart failure: two prospective cohort studies. Eur J Heart Fail. 2020 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]