Vitamin D deficiency appears to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease

In July 2019 researchers from Greece and Australia published their review of the medical scientific literature to assess the association between vitamin D levels and cardiovascular disease prevention or progression, and whether there was any gender-specific differences. Results showed an unmistakable association between vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, current findings are inconclusive as to whether there are any gender-specific differences and further research is required.

Kouvari M et al. Vitamin D status, gender and cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review of prospective epidemiological studies. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2019 Jul;17(7):545-555

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