In April 2019 researchers from Sweden and the USA published the results of their study to assess the inflammatory impact of diet on risk of cancer. A total of 100,881 individuals were included in the study. Information on diet was self-reported and each individual was given either an anti-inflammatory dietary score or an adapted Mediterranean dietary score. The association between dietary patterns and cancer risk was then evaluated. During an average follow-up of 15 years, 9,250 diagnoses of cancer were made. Results showed that both dietary patterns produced similar small, consistent and statistically significant reductions in the risk of cancer, including a lower risk of lung and gastric cancer in men.
Bodén S et al. The inflammatory potential of diet in determining cancer risk; A prospective investigation of two dietary pattern scores. PLoS One. 2019 Apr 12;14(4):e0214551.