Dried apple may reduce postprandial blood glucose concentration and potentially increase the effectiveness of insulin responses in healthy individuals

In November 2018 researchers from the USA published the results of their study to assess the effect of dried apple on regulation of blood glucose, insulin, satiety, and antioxidant levels. Twenty-one healthy, normal-weight individuals were involved in the study. After a 10-hour fast, the individuals were given either a serving of dried apple or a muffin. Blood glucose, insulin, and antioxidant concentrations were measured at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 minutes following food intake, and satiety was assessed every 15 minutes for 2 hours. Cognitive tests were administered before and 2 hours after consumption. Results showed that the serving of dried apple produced significantly lower glucose concentrations at the 30-, 45-, 60-, and 120-minute time points, and a significantly lower insulin concentration at 15-minutes when compared to levels following consumption of the muffin. However, there was very little difference in antioxidant status, satiety, and cognitive function. 

Sansone K et al. Acute Effects of Dried Apple Consumption on Metabolic and Cognitive Responses in Healthy Individuals. J Med Food. 2018 Nov;21(11):1158-1164 

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