In April 2020 researchers from Brazil published their review of the medical scientific literature to assess the effectiveness of dance in the health of adults and elderly individuals. Only seven studies met the search criteria and were included in the review. Results showed that different protocols had been used, although the most common was two weekly dance sessions which lasted for up to 60 minutes. The studies had small sample sizes but did indicate cognitive and psychological improvements, especially in depression and anxiety. In addition, there was a higher willingness to participate in other social activities as well as improvements in self-care and family and social roles. The studies also suggested an improvement in body structure and function.
Santos DPMA et al. Effectiveness of Senior Dance in the Health of Adults and Elderly People: An Integrative Literature Review. Geriatr Nurs. 2020 Apr 27. [Epub ahead of print]