In January 2019 researchers from Spain published the results of their study to assess the association between dairy product consumption and the incidence of metabolic diseases like diabetes, obesity and hypertension. A total of 5,081 adults from different parts of Spain were involved in the study. Dietary information, including dairy product consumption, was collected via food frequency questionnaires. Results showed that women tended to have a higher consumption of milk, cheese, or yoghurt than men, but that men consumed more sugary dairy products. A higher consumption of dairy products was associated with a reduced incidence of hypertension regardless of age, sex, geographical region and body mass index. In addition, a higher consumption of dairy products was also associated with a reduced incidence of obesity, again regardless of age, sex, and geographical region. Milk consumption was not associated with the incidence of diabetes. The researchers therefore concluded that consuming dairy products is associated with a better metabolic profile.
Lago-Sampedro A et al. Dairy Product Consumption and Metabolic Diseases in the Di@bet.es Study. Nutrients. 2019 Jan 24;11(2). pii: E262.