In May 2019 researchers from Mexico published the results of their study to assess whether cardiovascular risk factors and heart attacks are associated with vitamin D deficiency in Mexican women of reproductive age. A total of 3,260 women, aged 20-49 years, were involved in the study. Results showed that vitamin D deficiency was significantly higher in obese women compared to women with a normal body mass index, in those with high total cholesterol compared to those with normal cholesterol levels, and in those with insulin resistance or diabetes type 2 compared to those with normal blood glucose levels. Using analytical models to estimate cardiovascular risk according to vitamin D deficiency, it was found that the risk of being obese, or having high total cholesterol levels, insulin resistance or diabetes type 2 were significantly higher in women with vitamin D deficiency which are all risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Contreras-Manzano A et al. Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Their Association with Vitamin D Deficiency in Mexican Women of Reproductive Age. Nutrients. 2019 May 28;11(6). pii: E1211