In June 2019 researchers from Poland and Canada published the results of their study to assess patterns of e-cigarette usage and to compare nicotine dependence amongst traditional cigarette and e-cigarette users. A total of 90 young healthy adults were involved in the study, which comprised 30 traditional cigarette smokers, 30 exclusive e-cigarette users, and 30 dual users. Information relating to the patterns and attitudes towards the use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes was collected via a 25-item questionnaire, with nicotine dependence being assessed in each individual. Results showed that nicotine dependence levels were over twice as high in e-cigarette users than in traditional cigarette smokers. In dual users, nicotine dependence levels were also higher when using an e-cigarettes than using traditional cigarettes. Habits and behaviour associated with the use of e-cigarettes did not differ significantly between exclusive e-cigarette users and dual users. The researchers concluded by stating that e-cigarettes may have a higher addictive potential than smoked cigarettes among young adults.
Jankowski M et al. E-Cigarettes are More Addictive than Traditional Cigarettes-A Study in Highly Educated Young People. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Jun 27;16(13). pii: E2279.