In November 2018 researchers Iran published the results of their study to assess the association between a low carbohydrate diet and risk of glioma in Iranian adults. A total of 128 individuals newly diagnosed with glioma and 256 age- and sex-matched controls were involved in the study. Dietary information was collected via a 126-item food frequency questionnaire and a dietary score estimated based on energy from carbohydrates, proteins and fats. The higher the score the greater the adherence to a low carbohydrate dietary pattern. Results showed that those in the group with the highest dietary score appeared to be 60% less likely to have glioma compared with those with the lowest dietary score.
Ebrahimpour-Koujan S et al. Adherence to low carbohydrate diet in relation to glioma: A case-control study. Clin Nutr. 2018 Nov 30. . [Epub ahead of print]