In February 2018 researchers from the USA and the UK published the results of their review of the medical scientific literature to assess the association between a dietary inflammatory index score and the risk of cardiovascular disease and related mortality. A total of 14 studies were included in the review. Results showed that those individuals who consumed a higher dietary inflammatory index score had a 36% increased risk of cardiovascular disease or dying due to cardiovascular disease. A further analysis revealed that each one-point increase in the dietary inflammatory index score resulted in an 8% increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease or dying from cardiovascular disease.
Shivappa N et al. Dietary Inflammatory Index and Cardiovascular Risk and Mortality-A Meta-Analysis. Nutrients. 2018 Feb 12;10(2). pii: E200