In November 2018 researchers from Sweden published the results of their study to assess the association of two dietary patterns, a modified Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and a modified Mediterranean diet, on the incidence of of aortic valve stenosis. A total of 74,401 Swedish individuals (54% male), with no history of cardiovascular disease, were involved in the study. Dietary information was collected via a questionnaire. During an average of 15 years follow-up, 1338 diagnoses of aortic valve stenosis were made (801 in men and 537 in women). Results showed that there was no significant association between the modified DASH or modified Mediterranean dietary patterns or the food groups and beverages included in these diets (i.e., fruit, vegetables, legumes and nuts, whole grains, fish, low-fat dairy foods, full-fat dairy foods, red and processed meat, and sweetened beverages) with the risk of developing aortic valve stenosis.
Larsson SC et al. Dietary patterns, food groups, and incidence of aortic valve stenosis: A prospective cohort study. Int J Cardiol. 2018 Nov 7. [Epub ahead of print]