Consumption of fruit, including tomatoes, may delay lung function decline in adults, particularly in ex-smokers

In December 2017 researchers from the USA, UK, Norway Germany and Spain published the results of their study to assess the relationship between lung function decline and dietary antioxidants over a 10-years period.  A total of 680 individuals, average age 44 years at study start, were included in the study. At the start of the study, the individuals completed a questionnaire and underwent spirometry which was repeated 10 years later. Information on dietary intake was collected via a food frequency questionnaire. Results showed that an increase in apple and banana intake was associated with a slower decline in forced expiratory volume and forced vital capacity whereas tomato consumption was associated with a slower decline in forced vital capacity.

Garcia-Larsen V et al. Dietary antioxidants and 10-year lung function decline in adults from the ECRHS survey. Eur Respir J. 2017 Dec 21;50(6). pii: 1602286  

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