Tears of the anterior cruciate ligament may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in later life

In September 2018 researchers from the USA published the results of their study to assess the potential long-term medical consequences associated with a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament.  3,506 former National Football League players who had played since 1960 were involved in the study. Information was collected via a self-administered questionnaire and included the reporting of physician-diagnosed medical conditions. Results showed that those individuals who had torn their anterior cruciate ligament had approximately a two-fold increase in musculoskeletal medical conditions, including knee joint replacement and arthritis, when compared with those without anterior cruciate ligament tears. In addition, those with a history of anterior cruciate ligament tears were also seen to have more than a 50% increased risk of a heart attack and a slight increase in sleep apnoea. 

Meehan WP et al. Relation of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears to Potential Chronic Cardiovascular diseases. Am J Cardiol. 2018 Sep 7.. [Epub ahead of print]

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